Tag Archives: Diaoyu

Chinese Coastguard Ships Approached Disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands

Chinese ships back near the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands. Japan’s Coast Guard identified three Chinese coast guard ships inside Japan’s territorial waters off the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea over the weekend. The Chinese vessels spent around two hours in Japan’s territorial waters. The incursion is the first since September 19. Separately, one of the two Japanese men detained by China on charges of espionage in May was arrested on the Nanji islands in the East China Sea. The Nanji island chain is roughly 300 kilometers northwest of the Senkakus (which are uninhabited). China is supposedly building a military outpost on the islands; imagery released earlier in the year by IHS Jane‘s shows a heliport and other military facilities. Russia will hold off on recognizing North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. Though relations between Moscow and Pyongyang have displayed some signs of rapprochement, particularly in the months after Russia’s estrangement from the West over its annexation of Crimea, the Russians won’t accept North Korea as a nuclear weapon state. This is in line with how other parties to the Six-Party Talks process, which has been stalled since 2008, view North Korea. Russian deputy foreign minister Igor Morgulov noted on Sunday that ”It is never acceptable for Russia to effectively recognize North Korea’s status as a nuclear possessing country.” However, Morgulov wasn’t entirely dismissive of North Korea’s decision to pursue a nuclear weapons program: ”At the foundation of North Korea’s choice of nuclear weapons were concerns over their own national security,” he noted identifying the U.S.-South Korea alliance as a threat to North Korea’s security. Read more: http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/chinese-coastguard-ships-approached-disputed-senkakudiaoyu-islands/

THE LONG SHADOW OF WWII OVER MARITIME ASIA

Over the weekend, the world observed the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in the Pacific theater. Thoughtful analysts have explored how the war and postwar settlement continue to shape historical memory in East Asia. Over at the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, we have a collection of maps that explain Asia at the end of the war, as well as several pieces on the role that maritime Asia played in the strategies of the victorious Allies in 1945. Rarely recalled, however, is the fact that the 21st-century standoffs over the Kuril Islands, Spratly and Paracel Islands, and Senkaku Islands have roots in the postwar settlement, which was largely constructed by the United States. On September 8, 1951, 48 nations signed the Treaty of San Francisco, officially making peace with Japan, which had been defeated and occupied six years earlier. The treaty sought to formalize the Allies’ existing agreements on the shape of the postwar world. This included the 1941 Atlantic Charter’scommitment to “no territorial aggrandizement” and the restoration of self-government to conquered states, as well as the 1943 Cairo Declaration’scommitment to strip Japan of all territory it had obtained through conquest since the early 20th century. The Treaty was informed by agreements reached between the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union at the Yalta andPotsdam conferences in 1945, as the Allies planned for peace. Notably, however, neither the Republic of China (ROC) nor the People’s Republic of China (PRC) attended the San Francisco conference or signed the treaty, as they were embroiled in civil war. The map below was attached to the San Francisco Treaty and used to illustrate the territorial clauses of the agreement. The dashed lines represented the territory that Japan was to relinquish, and the visible typeface is the actual text of Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty, which identify the territories Japan was to lose. Included in these articles were Japan’s renunciation of Korea, Formosa (present day Taiwan), and the Pescadores, as well as its holdings in the Pacific Islands. Japan also relinquished the Kuril Islands, the Spratly and Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, and the Ryukyu Islands, including the Senkakus.   Read more: http://warontherocks.com/2015/08/the-long-shadow-of-wwii-over-maritime-asia/

Int’l opinion against China buildup in disputed sea

In the face of growing international condemnation for its building artificial islands in the South China Sea from which to project its military power in the region, China appears to have reduced itself into an island. From world leaders and international organizations to opinion writers around the world, China has drawn criticism for its massive land reclamation in the disputed South China Sea. Criticism of China’s behavior has intensified in recent months, as it refused to take part in arbitration proceedings that the Philippines has initiated in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. ADVERTISEMENT Oral arguments on the Philippine case opened on Tuesday. Officials of the United States, the Philippines’ defense treaty ally, are the most strident among those concerned about Chinese incursions in the disputed waters, saying it threatens freedom of navigation. In a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in May, US Secretary of State John Kerry said: “We are concerned about the pace and scope of China’s land reclamation in the South China Sea.” It was the same concern that US Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs David Shear expressed before the US Senate committee on foreign relations, discussing the extent of China’s reclamation activities in the South China Sea. He said China had so far reclaimed 800 hectares “more land than all other claimants combined over the history of their claims.” Read more: http://globalnation.inquirer.net/125802/intl-opinion-against-china-buildup-in-disputed-sea#ixzz3fkDwJIaE

Japan Not Welcome In South China Sea, But US Forces Can Patrol Region, China Says

Japanese sea patrols in the South China Sea are unacceptable, but U.S. patrols there will be tolerated, a prominent Chinese general declared, according to a new NBC news report. The ongoing military dispute between China and Japan that will change the strategic make-up of the region centers on territorial claims over a group of islands that could have huge economic potential. While Japan was not claiming ownership of the Spratly or the Parcel Islands, also referred to by China as the Nansha and Xinsha islands, respectively, Tokyo is concerned about the Chinese Navy’s increased presence in the region and its growing influence as maritime force. Beijing hopes to exert greater control of the South China Sea by building fake islands that already accommodate military outposts and heavy weapons, according to the Pentagon. “As for the Japanese military presence, it is very difficult for the Chinese people and the Chinese government to accept it,” said Major General Zhu Chenghu, a professor of strategic studies at China’s National Defense University, according to the NBC report. “The United States used to have military bases in Southeast Asia, like in the Philippines and even in Vietnam, and they have military cooperation with Singapore, so American military presence in the South China Sea is acceptable to China.”   Read more: http://www.ibtimes.com/japan-not-welcome-south-china-sea-us-forces-can-patrol-region-china-says-1988208

Joint exercise in South China Sea reflects Japan’s ‘strong concern’ about Beijing

PALAWAN ISLAND, Philippines–Tokyo’s growing partner in the field of security appeared impressed by the equipment of Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force. “We have radar, but they (MSDF) have advanced radar for search and rescue,” said Niccaben Ogoc, 37, a second petty officer of the Philippine Navy, during the countries’ first joint exercise using the MSDF’s P-3C patrol aircraft. The joint exercise was held on June 23 and 24 in the South China Sea using an airport on Palawan Island in the western Philippines. The location of the exercise indicated that Japan also wanted the P-3Cs to impress, or at least send a message to, another country. “(The exercise) shows Japan’s strong concern about China,” a Japanese government official said. China is currently building manmade islands in the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea in an apparent bid to strengthen its sovereignty claims over the isles, which are also claimed by the Philippines and other countries.   Read more: http://ajw.asahi.com/article/behind_news/politics/AJ201506290076

Taiwan’s Plan to Solve the South China Sea Dispute

In his article “Taiwan Can’t Save the South China Sea,” Michal Thim unfortunately doesn’t seem to grasp the true essence of both the East and South China Sea Peace Initiatives proposed by Republic of China (ROC, Taiwan) President Ma Ying-jeou. He also misses the widespread positive responses to the ongoing development of the initiatives. Mr. Thim’s argument that the East China Sea Peace Initiative (ECSPI) was ignored by parties concerned is totally ignorant to the fact that Taiwan and Japan signed a fishery agreement in April 2013, eight months after the ECSPI was enunciated by President Ma, solving a four-decade-long fisheries dispute between the two countries. The agreement, which realizes the initiative’s spirit that “although sovereignty over national territory cannot be compromised, natural resources can be shared,” covers about 70,000 square kilometers of waters around the Diaoyutai Islands where fishermen from each side may operate without interference from the coast guards of the other party. It has elicited supportive comments from many others, including U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, who stated in response to a question posed by a member of Congress that the fisheries agreement “can serve as a model for promoting regional stability despite conflicting maritime claims. … This principle, which is enunciated in the East China Sea Peace Initiative, is relevant across maritime Asia.”   Read more: http://www.nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/taiwans-plan-solve-the-south-china-sea-dispute-13133

China’s military buildup in the South China Sea is ‘beyond anything previously seen’

China’s rapid claim on contested islands in the South China Sea is beyond anything seen previously and raises legitimate questions about Beijing’s intentions in the region, the secretary of the Australian defence department, Dennis Richardson, said. Richardson told a Senate estimates committee on Monday that the military buildup on China’s reclamation program in the South China Sea “dwarfs” what other nations in the region have done previously. “The land reclamation activity by China in the South China Sea has been at a pace and scale in the last two years beyond anything we have previously seen. It dwarfs what the other claimant states have done, and the size of the land reclamation does raise questions about its purpose,” Richardson said. Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/australia-chinas-military-buildup-in-the-south-china-sea-is-beyond-anything-previously-seen-2015-6#ixzz3bsgyHPIA

Thoughts on the Constitution / South China Sea developments ominous for Japan

This is the second installment of a series that focuses on recent changes to Japan’s national security and the background of the government’s intentions. “Gray-zone situations” are states of increased military tension that do not involve actual armed attacks on Japan. The security-related bills that have been submitted to the Diet would enable the Self-Defense Forces to provide “armed and other protection” to U.S. military vessels, aircraft and other units in such situations. Under the current law, if a U.S. ship is attacked in waters near Japan while engaging in joint activities with the SDF, Japan’s stance is what Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has described as: “We can’t do anything. We won’t do anything.”   Read more: http://the-japan-news.com/news/article/0002155947

U.S. defense chief warns against militarization of territorial rows in Asia

(Reuters) – U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter kicked off his first Asian tour on Wednesday with a stern warning against the militarization of territorial rows in a region where China is at odds with several nations in the East and South China Seas. Carter’s visit to Japan coincides with growing U.S. concern over China’s land reclamation in the Spratly archipelago of the disputed South China Sea, where Beijing has rival claims with several countries including the Philippines and Vietnam. Tokyo and Beijing have a separate row over Japanese-controlled islets in the East China Sea. U.S. and Philippine troops will take part in annual military exercises this month near the Spratlys in the largest such drills since the allies resumed joint activities in 2000.. Asked whether the beefed up U.S.-Philippine exercises were a response to China’s moves, Carter said Washington and Manila had shared interests in the region, including a desire to ensure there were no changes in the status quo by force or that territorial rows were militarized.     Read more: http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/04/08/us-usa-japan-carter-idUSKBN0MZ02V20150408

China’s Unsolved Territorial Disputes: Implications For Its Relations With Neighbors – Analysis

China’s unresolved land and maritime border disputes with its neighbors continue to be a negative factor in bilateral relations among them; undeniably they also complicate the regional situation. What are the root causes of China’s territorial positions? Why certain disputes remain unsettled? Can such situation lead to future conflicts? Has China begun to work towards implementing an economic interests based foreign policy and if so, how that may impact on the country’s so far adopted core-interest based foreign policy resulting in its territorial assertiveness? These are some of the questions the following study attempts to address. China, like India, has five thousand years of civilization and history; in both the countries, the roots of the present can always be traced to the past; a prominent instance in the case of China is the influence of China’s founding Emperor Qin Shihuang, on the thinking of the country’s architect, Mao Zedong.[1] Similar is the linkage seen between China’s traditional ‘’ Tian Xia” (Under the Heaven) concept and its current stand on ‘territorial sovereignty’. The concept considers that all the people and areas where they lived belong to the Chinese Emperor, the Son of God, who is in possession of mandate of heaven; regarding areas which are not under the control of the Emperor, their rulers derived their power from the Emperor. [2] It holds that the biggest political unit for the Chinese is the framework of ‘world/society’, not the ‘country or nation state’. Read more: http://www.eurasiareview.com/03042015-chinas-unsolved-territorial-disputes-implications-for-its-relations-with-neighbors-analysis/