SAN FRANCISCO–A cartographic exhibit based on the June lecture of Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio T. Carpio at the Institute for Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Philippines, opened October 13 at the Philippine Consulate here. Justice Carpio cut the ceremonial ribbon together with Ambassador Jose Luis Cuisia, his wife, Maria Victoria, Mrs. Ruth Carpio, Consul General Henry S. Bensurto, Jr. and his wife Mrs. Mariza Bensurto. A lecture followed, with Justice Carpio speaking on the “Historical Truths and Lies” about sovereign rights over existing shoals, islands, islets and rocks in the West Philippine Sea/South China Sea. He based his conclusions from maps done by cartographers as far back as 1136 A.D. However, Carpio made the disclaimer that his “views in this presentation are the personal opinion of the author and do not necessarily represent the position of the Philippine Government.” The Q&A that followed included Cuisia and Bensurto, the Philippines’ lead legal counsel on the maritime dispute between with China. Carpio said, “Historical facts are not relevant in determining present-day maritime claims. However, even if we take into account historical facts, China’s claims are still without basis. Ancient maps of China made by Chinese authorities, Chinese individuals or foreigners, and ancient maps of the Philippines made by Westerners, Philippine authorities or individuals, vividly contradict China’s claims in the South China Sea.” Read more: http://globalnation.inquirer.net/129614/west-ph-sea-cartographic-exhibit-opens-in-sf#ixzz3opFQwDCW
Lopez Museum and Library and Institute for Maritime and Ocean Affairs welcomes Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio T. Carpio as he presents a historical perspective and legal basis on the Philippine claim of Scarborough Shoal, one of the features of the contested West Philippine Sea, on February 21, 2015, Saturday, from 2 – 4PM. The lecture is in conjunction with the exhibition Common Ground which highlights 21 antiquarian maps from the Lopez Museum and Library collection. These ancient maps were drawn by Western cartographers presenting significant areas within the Philippine territory, which consistently included the Scarborough Shoal, also known as Panacot or Bajo de Masinloc. Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio T. Carpio is the chair of the Supreme Court’s Second Division and Chair of the Senate Electoral Tribunal. He penned the Supreme Court decision pertaining to the constitutionality of the Philippine Archipelagic Baselines Law of 2009. Baselines are the basis of maritime boundaries and jurisdiction of neighboring coastal States. The lecture is free to the public. Gourmet Farms Inc. will also serve freshly brewed coffee during the lecture. The Lopez Memorial Museum is at the ground floor, Benpres Building Exchange Road corner Meralco Avenue, Pasig City. Museum days and hours are Mondays-Saturdays, 8am-5pm, except holidays. For information and registration, call Thea or Tina at 631-2417 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Ateneo de Manila University, in partnership with the Institute for Maritime and Ocean Affairs, launched a cartographic exhibit on “Historical Truths and Lies: Scarborough Shoal in Ancient Maps “featuring copies of ancient maps of China and the Philippines on February 5, 2015. The exhibit is based on the lecture on Supreme Court Justice Antonio Carpio, who also graced the event. The exhibit has more than 60 map illustrations by Western and local cartographers showing Scarborough Shoal as part of the Philippines. The maps are on display at the Pardo de Tavera Exhibit Hall, Special Collection Building of Rizal Library from February 5-28, 2015. Read more: http://www.ateneo.edu/news/features/historical-truths-and-lies-scarborough-shoal-ancient-maps
For decades Beijing’s communist rulers have been feeding the Chinese hoodoo history. They preach in schools that China has owned the islands, rocks, reefs, and waters of the South China Sea since time immemorial. “Abundant historical facts” supposedly back this up. Yet genuine accounts from 6,000 years ago to the present disprove Beijing’s propaganda. Records tell of the sea being a migration and trade route, as well as fishing and piracy zone, of Southeast Asians (see Gotcha, 4, 6, and 8 Aug. 2014). China’s rich history depicts it as a land power dependent on agriculture. Admiral Zheng He’s voyages came several thousand years after the Malay conquest of Madagascar, off Africa across the Indian Ocean. Maps are historical facts. Ancient maps of the Philippines and Southeast Asia have always shown Scarborough Shoal to be part of Luzon (Gotcha, 27 and 29 Oct. 2014). This debunks Beijing’s basis to invade the seamark that has been Filipino fishing grounds for centuries. Read more: http://www.philstar.com/opinion/2014/11/19/1393356/faulty-translations-misled-beijings-sea-claims-1
Beijing’s Communist rulers claim Scarborough Shoal by virtue of “ancient historical facts.” Yet, China’s own antique maps and official declarations debunk that line. Made in 1136 to 1933, the 18 old maps consistently show Hainan island-province always to have been China’s southernmost territory. Five Constitutions of the Republic of China – in 1912, 1914, 1924, 1937, and 1946 – reaffirm the maps and declare Hainan to be the southernmost boundary. (Gotcha, 22 and 24 Oct. 2014.) Researched by Supreme Court Senior Justice Antonio T. Carpio, replicas of the maps and the Constitutions are now on public display. “Historical Truths and Lies: Scarborough Shoal in Ancient Maps” runs till Nov. 14, 2014. Venue: University of the Philippines, Asian Center, GT-Toyota Hall of Wisdom, Diliman, Quezon City. The exhibit is a rare treat for Filipinos and other freemen, and for Chinese subjects. Aside from Hainan as China’s southern end, it shows that the dynasties never included the Spratlys or Scarborough Shoal. Not till Beijing’s despots fall will the maps ever be shown together in their true context. The exhibit also can be viewed at the Institute of Maritime & Ocean Affairs website: www.imoa.ph. Read more: http://www.philstar.com/opinion/2014/10/27/1384833/scarborough-phl-antique-maps-show-1
This resumes Wednesday’s piece, “China’s Own Ancient Maps Disprove Beijing Sea Claim.” The article detailed 15 maps of China, 1136-1933, by Chinese officials and citizens. Their common feature: Hainan Island (ancient names Zhuya, Qiongya, Qiongzhou) always has been China’s southernmost territory. Supreme Court Senior Justice Antonio T. Carpio dug up the maps. They belie Beijing’s “historical facts” in claiming islets, reefs, shoals, and waters of the South China (West Philippine) Sea. Three more ancient maps of China, this time by foreigners, prove too that Hainan always has been China’s southernmost territory: (1) “Carte Exacte de Toutes les Provinces, Villes, Bourgs, Villages et Rivieres du Vaste et Puissant Empire de la Chine” or “Accurate Map of All the Provinces, Cities, Towns, Villages and Rivers of the Vast and Powerful Chinese Empire.” Published in Lieden, Netherlands, around 1700, the map was made by Johannes Nieuhof, who died 1672. (2) “Carte la plus Generale et qui Comprehend la Chine, la Tartarie Chinoise, et le Thibet” or “General Map that Includes China, Chinese Tartary and Tibet.” The map states Jean Baptiste Bourguignon D’Anville as maker in Paris, 1734. A Royal Cartographer of France, he had access to works of mapmakers in China through his pal, French Jesuit and China specialist Du Halde. As annotated, the map came from Jesuit surveys in 1708-1716 on instructions of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi. Read more: http://www.philstar.com/opinion/2014/10/24/1383764/chinas-5-constitutions-refute-beijing-sea-claim
The Philippines has upped the ante in its territorial dispute with China by fighting fire with fire, or in this case, a map with a map. The Philippines has recently unveiled an exhibit in Manila of 60 ancient maps of Asia that authorities say debunk China’s claimed “historical ownership” over disputed areas of the South China Sea, specifically the Scarborough Shoal, located west of the Philippines. According to Filipino newspaper The Inquirer, Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio said in a public lecture that he hopes the maps, the oldest dating from 1136 during China’s Southern Song Dynasty, would finally settle the dispute in the South China Sea in the Philippines’ favor. The cartographic display is also viewable online at the Institute of Maritime and Ocean Affairs website. “We should respect historical facts, not historical lies,” Carpio said. The collection of maps shows the island of Hainan, China’s southernmost region, as not including any maritime territories, particularly the hotly disputed Scarborough Shoal and Spratly Islands. Read more: http://www.ibtimes.com/china-philippines-territorial-dispute-ancient-maps-debunk-chinese-claim-over-scarborough-1686914