Before and after: China builds artificial islands in South China Sea


The Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) says Subi Reef is China’s northern-most outpost in the Spratly Island group and is just 25 kilometres from civilian populations of the Philippines.

It says China has reclaimed almost 4 million square metres of land and is possibly preparing to build a landing strip. It has already built a helipad, and possibly satellite and security infrastructure.

In its natural state, the reef was submerged at high tide.

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