The ‘VIP’ Group of Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines all share both advantageous relations with and deep disagreements with China in the South China Sea. Working together, they could present a united front.
This would include establishing Joint Development Areas allotted by auction and linked by a common-carrier open-access energy infrastructure.
Each has a serious offshore territorial dispute with China. Meanwhile, each cooperates with China in important ways.
The disputes revolve around over China’s nine-dotted-line maritime territorial claim. How the V-I-P countries respond will determine how peacefully Asia is in coming decades.
None of the three can take on China alone. But together, however, they can create a compelling negotiating counter party.
Start with Vietnam. In 1974, China seized the Paracel Islands from Vietnam. In 1979, China and Vietnam fought a land border war. In 2014 China placed a rig in waters claimed by Vietnam.
Despite this, China and Vietnam now cooperate in the Tonkin Gulf. There, Vietnam and China jointly manage fisheries and are working together to explore for energy resources in the offshore area straddling their offshore equidistance line.
Over at Scarborough Shoal off the Philippine Island of Luzon, the Philippines and China have engaged in water cannon fights.